2017-2018 Points of Emphasis
1. Equipment worn on head for medical or religious reason.
Specific procedures have been established for allowing a head covering to be
worn for medical or religious reasons. A player who is required to wear a head
covering for medical or religious reasons must provide a physician statement or
appropriate documented evidence to the state association for approval. If
approved, the state association shall provide written authorization to the
school to be made available to officials.
2. Team control, throw-in. The relevance of team
control during a throw-in only applies when a member of the throw- in team fouls.
Such fouls shall be ruled team control fouls. Team control during a throw-in is
NOT intended to be the same as player control/team control inbounds. Team
control inbounds is established when a player from either team who has inbound
status gains control of the ball. During the throw-in, 10-seconds, 3-seconds,
frontcourt status, backcourt status, closely guarded, etc., are NOT factors as
there has yet to be player control/team control obtained inbounds.
With specific regard to the backcourt violation; a team may not
be the last to touch a live ball in the front court and then be the first to
touch a live ball in the backcourt, provided that team has establish player
control/team control on the playing court (either in the backcourt or
frontcourt). BY RULE EXCEPTION, during a throw-in a team may leave the front
court, establish player control/team control while airborne and land in the
backcourt. This is a legal play and ONLY applies to the first player of the
offense who touches the ball PRIOR to the end of the throw-in.
3. Intentional Fouls. The committee is
concerned about the lack of enforcement for intentional fouls during any part
of the game but especially at the end of a game. The intentional foul rule has
evolved into misapplication and personal interpretations. An intentional foul
is a personal or technical foul that may or may not be premeditated and is not
based solely on the severity of the act, it is contact that:
- Neutralizes an
opponent’s obvious advantageous position.
- Contact on an
opponent who is clearly not in the play.
- May be excessive
- Contact that is
not necessarily premeditated or based solely on the severity of the act.
This type of foul may be strategic to stop the clock or create a
situation that may be tactically done for the team taking action. This foul may
be innocent in severity, but without any playing of the ball, it becomes an
intentional act such as a player wrapping their arms around an opponent. The
act may be excessive in its intensity and force of the action. These actions
are all intentional fouls and are to be called as such.
Officials must be aware of the game situations as the probability of fouling
late in the game is an accepted coaching strategy and is utilized by many
coaches in some form. Officials must have the courage to enforce the
intentional foul rule properly.
4. Guarding. The addition of rule 10.7.12, has been
successful in its intent to clean up illegal contact on the
ballhandler/dribbler and post players. Players are attempting to
replace this illegal contact with contact observed as “body bumping”. Illegal
contact with the body must be ruled a foul however, officials must accurately
identify if the defense or offense causes the contact and penalize the player
causing the illegal contact. Once a defensive player obtains legal guarding
position by facing an opponent with both feet of the floor inbounds, he/she may
move to maintain that position in any direction except toward the offensive
player being guarded when contact occurs. The defense is not required to keep
both feet on the playing court and may jump vertically or laterally to maintain
the legal position. If contact occurs prior to the offensive player getting
head and shoulders passed the defender the responsibility is on the offensive